order to recognize high-quality majolica it is necessary to
observe and analyse a few details, such as the use of red
clay, of higher quality, which - unlike white clays, or earthenware,
which are much frailer and more delicate - gives majolica
a more solid structure.
The second basic element in recognizing a hand-made product
is the inner and outer biscuit that must present signs and
traces of the craftsman’s hands due to the process of
Each piece should have the producer’s mark in specially
provided spaces or fields so that the producer’s name
or the craft shop may be identified. The name, the initial
or the subscription sign, which is usually at the bottom of
the item, shall be indelible, i.e. "baked in the oven".
Do not trust such fake applications as adhesives or printed
marks. The fourth element to be considered is the aesthetic
aspect: the ceramic product must be recognizable as hand-painted
majolica. Indeed, it is well known that an item which was
not produced in series presents some imperfections. Imperceptible
anomalies are thus the sign of a hand-made product.
The last and most relevant aspect is undoubtedly the ceramic
product’s pictorial and aesthetic quality. A good painting
may be recognized by the precision of its traces, the accuracy
in the details and presence of fine and well defined contours,
as well as by the variety of colours, its various tones and
the size of the decorated surface. And above all if it represents
an important artistic school or craft shop.